American Entry and Victory in Europe

February 1, 2019 by mrcaseyhistory

assault-on-omaha-beach-by-simon-smith-2Quaestio: Does the USA or the USSR deserve more credit for the Allied victory in Europe?

PowerPoint: American Entry and Victory in Europe

Classwork:
Who Deserves Credit for WWII Victory?

Homework Day 1:
The Bataan Death March, 1942
Surviving the Atomic Attack on Hiroshima, 1945

You do not have to write out the below questions, though you may, but you should consider them and think about them for yourself, and be ready to discuss them on Monday.

Read the Bataan Death March first, and consider the following questions: How did the Japanese treat the Americans and Filipinos? Do their actions make you feel like the USA was justified in dropping the Atomic Bomb on Japan? If the USA had not dropped the bomb, the only alternative would have probably been to invade Japan itself, and to have to engage in long drawn out fighting with more of these soldiers, costing many American lives on top of what had already been lost. Some would say, “Why waste the lives of our people when we can drop the bomb and end this awful war?!” What do you think? Do you think perhaps the bomb was the better of two bad options?

Read Surviving Hiroshima, and consider the following questions: How did you feel reading about the experience of being hit by the bomb? Could you place yourself in his shoes? How do you think these people’s experience differed from those closer to the bomb? Having read this, do you think dropping the bomb was the right move on the part of the USA? Do you think this bombing should be considered an act of terrorism? Something else to consider: this was the first bomb dropped. A second was dropped three days later. Do you think the second one was necessary? Do you feel differently about the first and the second bombing?

 

 

 

Homework Day 2:
Atomic Bomb Debate Project

STEP ONE

Read the two articles on the Atomic Bomb debate, one in support of dropping the bomb and one against dropping the bomb. You are encouraged, but not required, to take notes in your preferred format as you read.

Arguments Supporting the Bomb

Arguments Against the Bomb

STEP TWO

Create a fictional dialogue between two characters debating the issue, with one arguing in support of the bomb and one arguing against the bomb. You have TWO OPTIONS for the format. It can either be (1) a script for a play or (2) a comic strip. Either way, you must include ALL of the numbered arguments for both sides in some way. You do not need to go into every examples used to support each argument, and you may focus on some more than others, but you must hit each one at least once. Further, you should not feel forced to follow the order of the arguments in the articles. Rather, as you create your fictional debate, present them in the order that makes sense as a back-and-forth between the two characters, each trying to respond to the other and prove their own side is right.

STEP THREE

Write a reflection on both the dropping of the bomb and the debate surrounding it, explaining your own personal position. If you are convinced of one side or the other, explain why certain arguments from one side convinced you while others from the other side did not. If you are still unsure, then discuss why you are unsure, and which arguments from either side are pulling you in two directions. In either case, you must cite specific textual evidence in your reflection. You should make reference to no less than five specific examples from at least three different arguments, but you may bring in more than that. The reflection should be 1-2 page long.

 

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In 1939, 20,000 Americans filled Madison Square Garden for a Nazi rally. Somebody just made a mini documentary about it. It’s called “A Night At The Garden”. (1) You can check it out at @anightatthegarden. (Only 7 minutes Long!) From the images here, you can see that it was billed as a “Pro American” rally. (2) I imagine they had a very specific idea about who they considered to be “American”. They don’t have images of Hitler and swastikas. Instead, they have American flags and a giant George Washington. (3) They want to convince you that being a Nazi is about the most American thing you can do. Thankfully, many Americans did not agree. (4) But also, many did. Always remember, the Germans were not especially predisposed in their nature to hatred, violence, and genocide. It was, rather their economic, political, and socio-cultural conditions that were easy for someone like Hitler to exploit. That means that this can happen anywhere some or all of those conditions exist. Poverty, ignorance, fear for the future, anger over the present, and a predisposition to dislike minorities make a population easy pickings for any aspiring fascist dictator. It can happen anywhere. It can happen here.
On #ThisDayinHistory 1945, a series of Allied firebombing raids begins against the German city of Dresden, reducing the “Florence of the Elbe” to rubble and flames, and killing as many as 135,000 people. It was the single most destructive bombing of the war—including Hiroshima and Nagasaki—and all the more horrendous because little, if anything, was accomplished strategically, since the Germans were already on the verge of surrender. More than 3,400 tons of explosives were dropped on the city by 800 American and British aircraft. The firestorm created by the two days of bombing set the city burning for many more days, littering the streets with charred corpses, including many children. Eight square miles of the city was ruined, and the total body count was between 35,000 and 135,000 (an approximation is all that was possible given that the city was filled with many refugees from farther east). The hospitals that were left standing could not handle the numbers of injured and burned, and mass burials became necessary. Among the American POWs who were in Dresden during the raid was novelist Kurt Vonnegut, who conveyed his experience in his classic antiwar novel Slaughterhouse Five. #Dresden #WWII #History
#NeverAgain means anytime anywhere to anyone. For the full story, check out the article through the link in bio. #Uyghur #Uighur #CCP #China #EastTurkestan #Xinjiang #ConcentrationCamp #EthnicCleansing #XiJinping
Being a #monk is hard work! If just a few minutes of hand copying texts can cause hand cramps, imagine doing it for hours every day! That’s what #monks did in the #scriptoria, or writing rooms, inside #medieval #monasteries. But it served an important purpose. At a time when literacy was in serious decline and books were hard to come by, monks played an important role in preserving not only religious but also #secular knowledge, like that of Classical #Greece and #Rome! Thank Medieval Monks!
Let studying be your #SecretFire against the shadow.
Patience in response to ignorance, even unjustifiable ignorance, is truly powerful. Even if you feel a person is blameworthy for their ignorance, even if you feel their injustice and arrogance makes them undeserving of your time, patient teaching is still the only way for them to learn and grow and change. . . Here, Dr King breaks it down simply for an audience of people who have been blind to the obvious and blatant realities of deep racial disparity that was built into the fabric of our society. He puts it so simply, because it really is that simple, but he gets straight to the point. He makes it clear. . . Patience is not passivity. Patience is not surrender. Patience is true strength. . . #Bootstraps #RacialInequality #MLK #PatientPedagogy
“Freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.” -MLK . . . Don’t just think of MLK as a famous American hero loved by the nation. It’s only now that he has a national holiday (and some people still don’t like him). It’s important to remember how disliked he was by so many Americans, and how unpopular his views were in his time. And this was not very long ago. Not at all. Those who are vilified and demonized today for standing up for what is right may be the heroes of tomorrow. Depends how it all goes down. Just don’t forget to broaden your perspective. Sit back to look at the whole timeline. The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice. #MLKDay #DrKing #KeepDreaming #KeepFighting

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