AP World Unit 3 & 4 Test Review Sheet

December 29, 2019 by mrcaseyhistory

Welcome to the Digital Review Sheet for the Unit 3 & 4 Test! I hope this style, with the attached resources, will prove very helpful to you. You are required to answer all of the below questions, either on loose leaf or typed and printed. Since the numbers restart for each section, you are required in include on your answer paper the heading of every section of questions, as well as the title of this page as the title of your sheet.

I tried to link as many resources as I could right here within the review sheet for your convenience. However, all materials, including PowerPoints, readings, and worksheets can be found on my website, mrcaseyhistory.com. You can click on your class and skim through the lessons.

I gave everyone a packet of Global Textbook summaries as a simple study resource. It’s not great for Persia but it’s pretty good for the rest. You can always find all those summaries on the Summaries page on my website. Don’t forget to refer to your own class notes as well, and your answers to the online homeworks, which you should be able to find in your email.

You should ABSOLUTELY also check out my Instagram @globalkhan for past review in the story highlights (look for more than one with Unit 3 and 4 in the title) as well as NEW REVIEW STORIES to be posted between now and the test, which give you a chance to ask questions and have responses posted for everyone. These will also be saved in the above-mentioned highlights, so if you miss them, that’s where they’ll be!

 

Persia

Class Materials:
Zarathustra and Zoroastrianism
Persia Perfect Biographies (Later Persian Empires)

PowerPoints:
Persia and Imperial Centralization

Videos:
Crash Course: Persians and Greeks

Global Textbook: Chapter 2 Section 2

AP World Textbook: Chapter 7

  1. Having a bureaucracy was essential to the functioning of most of the Classical empires. What does bureaucracy mean?
  2. Emperor Darius of the Achaemenid Persian Empire built a strong centralized bureaucracy, which became a model for many of the other empires that followed after. Describe at least THREE different systems Darius introduced or strengthened that were part of that bureaucracy. (Persia and Imperial Centralization)
  3. Why was Emperor Cyrus the Great celebrated by many of those whom he conquered, most famously the Jews? (Persia and Imperial Centralization)
Greece

Class Materials:
Minoan Civilization
Greek Geography and Government
Athens and Sparta Readings and Questions
Poleis Race Sparta Poleis Race Athens
The Peloponnesian War
Golden Age of Athens Documents
Pericles and Aristotle on Government
Alexander of Macedon

PowerPoints:
Aegean Origins
Golden Age and Civil War in Greece
Legacy of Alexander

Videos:
Crash Course: Persians and Greeks
Crash Course: Plato and Aristotle
Crash Course: Alexander the Great

Global Textbook/Summaries:
Chapter 4: Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.)

AP World Textbook: Chapter 10

  1. The Greek city-state of Athens is famous for inventing democracy (meaning rule by the people), but their democratic system was different from the one we have today in the USA. Describe one way Athenian Democracy was MORE democratic than American Democracy AND describe one way Athenian Democracy was LESS democratic than American Democracy. (Poleis Race Athens, Aegean Origins, Golden Age and Civil War in Greece)
  2. What were the Hellenistic Kingdoms/Empires? (Alexander of Macedon, Crash Course: Alexander the Great, Legacy of Alexander)
India

Class Materials:
Ashoka Comic Fill In The Blanks
Mauryan Empire
Dharmic Religions Flow Chart Part 1
Dharmic Religions Flow Chart Part 2
Comparing the Bhagavad Gita and the Buddha

PowerPoints:
Piety and Politics in Classical India

Videos:
Crash Course: Buddha and Ashoka
Crash Course: India History of Science

Global Textbook/Summaries:
Chapter 3: Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550)

AP World Textbook: Chapter 9

  1. According to the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism, what is the cause of the suffering of life, and how can suffering be ended? (Comparing the Bhagavad Gita and the Buddha, Crash Course: Buddha and Ashoka)
  2. For Hindus and Jains, the goal of life is to reach Moksha. For Buddhists, the goal of life is to reach Nirvana. The two concepts mean pretty much the same thing. What does it mean to achieve Moksha/Nirvana, and how is it connected to reincarnation (samsara)? (Dharmic Religions Flow Chart Part 1,
    Dharmic Religions Flow Chart Part 2, Crash Course: Buddha and Ashoka)
  3. Under the Mauryan Empire, what actions were taken by Emperor Chandragupta Maurya and/or Emperor Ashoka to centralize and consolidate their power over the empire? (Piety and Politics in Classical India)
  4. Why did Mauryan Emperor Ashoka convert to Buddhism, and how did he help spread the religion throughout his empire? (Mauryan Empire, Crash Course: Buddha and Ashoka)
  5. According to Emperor Ashoka in his famous Edicts, how should other religions and their followers be treated? Why did this policy make good political sense? (Mauryan Empire)
  6. Again, thinking politically, why would Buddhism serve better than Hinduism as a tool for consolidating and uniting his diverse empire? (Mauryan Empire, Crash Course: Buddha and Ashoka)
  7. During the Gupta Golden Age, many advances and achievements came about. Explain the importance of the Gupta advances in mathematics (you must include the decimal system, the zero, and the Hindi-Arabic numerals in your explanation). (Crash Course: India History of Science, Piety and Politics in Classical India)
  8. How did Hinduism make a comeback in India during the Gupta Empire? (Piety and Politics in Classical India)
China

Class Materials:
Strong Rulers Unite China
3-5 (Textbook Section for above)
Three Chinese Philosophies
Philosophical Foundations of Classical China Script
Qin and Han VS The Xiongnu
Silk Road Connections

PowerPoints:
Centralization of China
Silk Roads and the Steppe

Videos:
Crash Course: Chinese History (Goes into good detail on Han Dynasty and Confucianism)
Crash Course: Silk Road

Global Textbook/Summaries:
Chapter 3: Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550)

AP World Textbook: Chapter 8 & 12

  1. What were the main ideas of Chinese Legalism, and how was it implemented by the government under the Qin Dynasty Emperor Shi Huangdi? (Three Chinese Philosophies, Philosophical Foundations of Classical China Script)
  2. Under the Han Dynasty in China, what system was used to choose who could be hired as a government worker AKA bureaucrat AKA civil servant? How was this system inspired by Confucianism, the guiding philosophy of the Han Dynasty? (You must include the term meritocratic in your response.) (Three Chinese Philosophies, Philosophical Foundations of Classical China Script, Crash Course: Chinese History)
  3. While the Silk Road began in China, and stretched all the way to Rome, there were many other people involved in the Silk Road trade. In what ways were the Central Asian Steppe and the Middle East involved with the Silk Road trade network? (Crash Course: Silk Road, Silk Road Connections, Silk Roads and the Steppe)
  4. What external factors (outside forces) contributed to the collapse of the Han Dynasty of China?
  5. What internal factors (problems from within) contributed to the collapse of the Han Dynasty of China?

 

Rome

Class Materials:
Urban Legends (different from class version, has stories written out)
Defining the Republic
Problems in the Late Republic
Pax Romana Maps
Romanization of Gaul
Early Christianity in the Roman World
Constantine and the Church
Fall of the Roman Empire
The Lasting Legacy of Rome
The Legacy of Justinian

PowerPoints:
The Founding of Rome
Imperialism and Empire
Decline of Western Rome

Videos:
Crash Course: Roman Republic and Empire
Crash Course: Christianity from Judaism to Constantine
Crash Course: The Fall of Rome

Global Textbook/Summaries:
Chapter 5: Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C.–A.D. 476)

AP World Textbook: Chapter 11 & 12

  1. Rome began as a city, then grew to control all of Italy, and eventually took over the entire Mediterranean world! Looking back at its starting point, why did the city of Rome, which was the Imperial Capital City of the Empire at its height, such a good geographic location for the empire? (It’s pretty obvious if you look at it on a map!) (Pax Romana Maps, The Founding of Rome)
  2. What was the Pax Romana? Why did it enable the Roman Empire to engage heavily and easily in long-distance trade WITHIN its own Empire? (Pax Romana Maps, Imperialism and Empire)
  3. What was the Silk Road? How did it enable Rome to engage in long-distance trade BEYOND the borders of its Empire? To what areas did the Silk Road connect Rome in trade?
  4. Generally speaking, the Roman Empire was considered very religiously tolerant, allowing those within their Empire to worship any gods and way they wanted. BUT there was only one small condition. What was that condition? Why was it such a problem uniquely for the Christians? What happened when the Christians refused to obey? How were Christians persecuted by the Roman government? (Early Christianity in the Roman World, Crash Course: Christianity from Judaism to Constantine)
  5. Emperor Constantine was the first Roman Emperor to become a Christian. His conversion, and his actions related to Christianity, had a major impact on the religion. What was the Edict of Milan? What did it do? (Don’t fall for the common misconception.) (Constantine and the Church, Crash Course: The Fall of Rome)
  6. What was the Council of Nicaea? What was its goal? What were its results? (Use the words doctrine, orthodox, and heresy in your answer.) (Constantine and the Church, Crash Course: The Fall of Rome)
  7. Some conspiracy theorists think that Constantine wasn’t really a Christian, but only used Christianity as a political tool. Regardless, how could the spread and standardization of Christianity throughout the Roman Empire possibly serve Constantine’s POLITICAL goals of consolidating his Empire? (Constantine and the Church, Fall of the Roman Empire, Crash Course: The Fall of Rome)
  8. What internal factors (problems from within) contributed to the collapse of the Roman Empire? (Fall of the Roman Empire, Crash Course: The Fall of Rome)
  9. What external factors (outside forces) contributed to the collapse of the Roman Empire? (Fall of the Roman Empire, Crash Course: The Fall of Rome)
  10. What happened to the Eastern half of the Roman Empire after the collapse of the West? What new name is it given by historians? (FYI the people living at the time continued to call it the Roman Empire.) (The Lasting Legacy of Rome, Crash Course: The Fall of Rome)
  11. Emperor Justinian, the most famous of the early Byzantine Emperors, had many accomplishments. Describe at least three of his most important contributions to the Byzantine Empire. (The Lasting Legacy of Rome, The Legacy of JustinianCrash Course: The Fall of Rome)

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IG: @globalkhan

Caption contest. Go!
How I talk to people who don’t take Coronavirus seriously. #IKnowWhatHuntsYou #LOTR If you’re stuck inside with nothing to do, I highly recommend watching these movies, or even better, read the books. I think the books especially really give you a sense of the long, drawn out, increasingly difficult journey, as well as the need for fellowship during dark times.
“SOCIAL DISTANCING!” —Donald Trump ... John Oliver explains what this tweet by the President (yes, that was the whole tweet) means and why it’s so important on @lastweektonight. #socialdistancing #flattenthecurve #covid_19 #covid19 #coronavirus
I hope to see you all in the Spring. I am very relieved to hear this news, but let’s remember why this is happening. This is not a vacation. Be safe y’all. I haven’t heard any details yet so don’t ask me anything beyond this for now. If I hear anything useful I’ll let you guys know. Not sure what kind of remote learning system they may try, but I’ll keep you in the loop. You guys are already ahead by being connected with me on here. You know I’m ready to get creative to keep you educated and historically minded. I’ll try my best to post on here regularly as well to share history for those who are motivated to continue learning. Let’s hope we are able to open safely again in April. We don’t know. It could be longer. Remember, the goal is to #FlattenTheCurve. Also remember that this move will carry with it a lot of difficulty. Remember to regularly check in on your family, friends, neighbors, and classmates (virtually of course). We are in this together. We need to support each other during this difficult time. Stay safe. Love you guys.
Roman Empire (Red) vs Mongol Empire (Blue): Size Comparison
It’s a different time right now. #CoVid19 #Coronavirus
#AngkorWat #KhmerEmpire #SoutheastAsia #Hinduism #Water #HydraulicEnpire
🕋 An incredible image. Swipe to see how it looks most of the time... CORONAVIRUS fears have sparked the closure of #Kaaba, as Saudi officials closed the doors of Islam's holy site for a deep clean. . . From Express.co.uk: “The building in the centre of the Great Mosque of Mecca has been shut down and is completely empty of worshippers as Saudi Arabia works to prevent the spread of the deadly COVD-19 virus. Dr Yasir Qadhi, Islamic scholar, posted on Twitter: “Subhan Allah, the Ka'ba is empty, the tawaf has stopped as the authorities clean the Ḥaram because of the coronavirus scare. May Allah protect all of us!”” . . Honestly, I’m glad that they are taking these precautions. I wonder what will happen during Hajj season, if the virus is still a major threat by then. Will the entire pilgrimage of millions of people (who probably already dropped thousands of bucks to book their trips) be canceled? During the time of the Black Death in the 13th century, the Hajj pilgrimage, with Muslims coming from all over the world to Makkah (Mecca), May have contributed to the spread of the disease to new lands. Of course, long-distance trade and business was ongoing at that time. Today, it is of course so much more the case. The more interconnected we are, the more interdependent we are, the more vulnerable we are to destabilizing forces like epidemic diseases. These are the challenges we must face in our globalized world.
Globally, democracy is in decline. Only 22 countries were classified as full democracies. Our country was not one of them.
How the Crusades began... #PopeUrbanII #AlexiusI #Seljuks #Crusades #FirstCrusade #Clermont #Jerusalem #Constantinople #CatholicChurch #Pope #Papacy #Medieval #MedievalHistory

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