Global Unit 3 & 4 Test Review Sheet

December 29, 2019 by mrcaseyhistory

Welcome to the Digital Review Sheet for the Unit 3 & 4 Test! I hope this style, with the attached resources, will prove very helpful to you. You are required to answer all of the below questions, either on loose leaf or typed and printed. Since the numbers restart for each section, you are required in include on your answer paper the heading of every section of questions, as well as the title of this page as the title of your sheet.

I tried to link as many resources as I could right here within the review sheet for your convenience. However, all materials, including PowerPoints, readings, and worksheets can be found on my website, You can click on your class and skim through the lessons.

I gave everyone a packet of Global Textbook summaries as a simple study resource. It’s not great for Persia but it’s pretty good for the rest. You can always find all those summaries on the Summaries page on my website. Don’t forget to refer to your own class notes as well, and your answers to the online homeworks, which you should be able to find in your email.

You should ABSOLUTELY also check out my Instagram @globalkhan for past review in the story highlights (look for more than one with Unit 3 and 4 in the title) as well as NEW REVIEW STORIES to be posted between now and the test, which give you a chance to ask questions and have responses posted for everyone. These will also be saved in the above-mentioned highlights, so if you miss them, that’s where they’ll be!



Class Materials:
Zarathustra and Zoroastrianism
Persia Perfect Biographies (Later Persian Empires)

Persia and Imperial Centralization

Crash Course: Persians and Greeks

Global Textbook: Chapter 2 Section 2

  1. Having a bureaucracy was essential to the functioning of most of the Classical empires. What does bureaucracy mean?
  2. Emperor Darius of the Achaemenid Persian Empire built a strong centralized bureaucracy, which became a model for many of the other empires that followed after. Describe at least THREE different systems Darius introduced or strengthened that were part of that bureaucracy. (Persia and Imperial Centralization)
  3. Why was Emperor Cyrus the Great celebrated by many of those whom he conquered, most famously the Jews? (Persia and Imperial Centralization)

Class Materials:
Minoan Civilization
Greek Geography and Government
Athens and Sparta Readings and Questions
Poleis Race Sparta Poleis Race Athens
The Peloponnesian War
Golden Age of Athens Documents
Pericles and Aristotle on Government
Alexander of Macedon

Aegean Origins
Golden Age and Civil War in Greece
Legacy of Alexander

Crash Course: Persians and Greeks
Crash Course: Plato and Aristotle
Crash Course: Alexander the Great

Global Textbook/Summaries:
Chapter 4: Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.)

  1. The Greek city-state of Athens is famous for inventing democracy (meaning rule by the people), but their democratic system was different from the one we have today in the USA. Describe one way Athenian Democracy was MORE democratic than American Democracy AND describe one way Athenian Democracy was LESS democratic than American Democracy. (Poleis Race Athens, Aegean Origins, Golden Age and Civil War in Greece)

Class Materials:
Ashoka Comic Fill In The Blanks
Mauryan Empire
Dharmic Religions Flow Chart Part 1
Dharmic Religions Flow Chart Part 2
Comparing the Bhagavad Gita and the Buddha

Piety and Politics in Classical India

Crash Course: Buddha and Ashoka
Crash Course: India History of Science

Global Textbook/Summaries:
Chapter 3: Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550)

  1. According to the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism, what is the cause of the suffering of life, and how can suffering be ended? (Comparing the Bhagavad Gita and the Buddha, Crash Course: Buddha and Ashoka)
  2. For Hindus and Jains, the goal of life is to reach Moksha. For Buddhists, the goal of life is to reach Nirvana. The two concepts mean pretty much the same thing. What does it mean to achieve Moksha/Nirvana, and how is it connected to reincarnation (samsara)? (Dharmic Religions Flow Chart Part 1,
    Dharmic Religions Flow Chart Part 2, Crash Course: Buddha and Ashoka)
  3. Why did Mauryan Emperor Ashoka convert to Buddhism, and how did he help spread the religion throughout his empire? (Mauryan Empire, Crash Course: Buddha and Ashoka)
  4. According to Emperor Ashoka in his famous Edicts, how should other religions and their followers be treated? (Mauryan Empire)
  5. During the Gupta Golden Age, many advances and achievements came about. Explain the importance of the Gupta advances in mathematics (you must include the decimal system, the zero, and the Hindi-Arabic numerals in your explanation). (Crash Course: India History of Science, Piety and Politics in Classical India)
  6. How did Hinduism make a comeback in India during the Gupta Empire? (Piety and Politics in Classical India)
  7. What impact did the Himalaya Mountains have on the ability of the Maurya and Gupta empires to expand their territory northeast? (Mauryan Empire)

Class Materials:
Strong Rulers Unite China
3-5 (Textbook Section for above)
Three Chinese Philosophies
Philosophical Foundations of Classical China Script
Qin and Han VS The Xiongnu
Silk Road Connections

Centralization of China
Silk Roads and the Steppe

Crash Course: Chinese History (Goes into good detail on Han Dynasty and Confucianism)
Crash Course: Silk Road

Global Textbook/Summaries:
Chapter 3: Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550)

  1. What were the main ideas of Chinese Legalism, and how was it implemented by the government under the Qin Dynasty Emperor Shi Huangdi? (Three Chinese Philosophies, Philosophical Foundations of Classical China Script)
  2. Why did the Qin Emperor Shi Huangdi feel it was important to destroy the writings and teachings of all other philosophies and ways of thiking other than Legalism? (Three Chinese Philosophies, Philosophical Foundations of Classical China Script)
  3. Under the Han Dynasty in China, what system was used to choose who could be hired as a government worker AKA bureaucrat AKA civil servant? How was this system inspired by Confucianism, the guiding philosophy of the Han Dynasty? (You must include the term meritocratic in your response.) (Three Chinese Philosophies, Philosophical Foundations of Classical China Script, Crash Course: Chinese History)
  4. While the Silk Road began in China, and stretched all the way to Rome, there were many other people involved in the Silk Road trade. In what ways were the Central Asian Steppe and the Middle East involved with the Silk Road trade network? (Crash Course: Silk Road, Silk Road Connections, Silk Roads and the Steppe)
  5. What external factors (outside forces) contributed to the collapse of the Han Dynasty of China? (Strong Rulers Unite China)
  6. What internal factors (problems from within) contributed to the collapse of the Han Dynasty of China? (Strong Rulers Unite China)
  7. What does cultural diffusion mean? How did the Silk Road contribute to cultural diffusion? How did it help to spread Buddhism even further than the efforts of Ashoka? (Silk Road Connections)

Class Materials:
Urban Legends (different from class version, has stories written out)
Defining the Republic
Problems in the Late Republic
Pax Romana Maps
Romanization of Gaul
Early Christianity in the Roman World
Constantine and the Church
Fall of the Roman Empire
The Lasting Legacy of Rome
The Legacy of Justinian

The Founding of Rome
Imperialism and Empire
Decline of Western Rome

Crash Course: Roman Republic and Empire
Crash Course: Christianity from Judaism to Constantine
Crash Course: The Fall of Rome

Global Textbook/Summaries:
Chapter 5: Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C.–A.D. 476)

  1. Rome began as a city, then grew to control all of Italy, and eventually took over the entire Mediterranean world! Looking back at its starting point, why did the city of Rome, which was the Imperial Capital City of the Empire at its height, such a good geographic location for the empire? (It’s pretty obvious if you look at it on a map!) (Pax Romana Maps, The Founding of Rome)
  2. What was the Pax Romana? Why did it enable the Roman Empire to engage heavily and easily in long-distance trade WITHIN its own Empire? (Pax Romana Maps, Imperialism and Empire)
  3. What was the Silk Road? How did it enable Rome to engage in long-distance trade BEYOND the borders of its Empire? To what areas did the Silk Road connect Rome in trade?
  4. Generally speaking, the Roman Empire was considered very religiously tolerant, allowing those within their Empire to worship any gods and way they wanted. BUT there was only one small condition. What was that condition? Why was it such a problem uniquely for the Christians? What happened when the Christians refused to obey? (Early Christianity in the Roman World, Crash Course: Christianity from Judaism to Constantine)
  5. What internal factors (problems from within) contributed to the collapse of the Roman Empire? (Fall of the Roman Empire, Crash Course: The Fall of Rome)
  6. What external factors (outside forces) contributed to the collapse of the Roman Empire? (Fall of the Roman Empire, Crash Course: The Fall of Rome)
  7. What happened to the Eastern half of the Roman Empire after the collapse of the West? What new name is it given by historians? (FYI the people living at the time continued to call it the Roman Empire.) (The Lasting Legacy of Rome, Crash Course: The Fall of Rome)
  8. Emperor Justinian, the most famous of the early Byzantine Emperors, had many accomplishments. Describe at least three of his most important contributions to the Byzantine Empire. (The Lasting Legacy of Rome, The Legacy of JustinianCrash Course: The Fall of Rome)


December 2019
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IG: @globalkhan

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