March 6, 2020 by mrcaseyhistory
Welcome to the Digital Review Sheet for IA3! I hope this style, with the attached resources, will prove very helpful to you. You are required to answer all of the below questions, either on loose leaf or typed and printed. Since the numbers restart for each section, you are required in include on your answer paper the heading of every section of questions, as well as the title of this page as the title of your sheet.
I tried to link as many resources as I could right here within the review sheet for your convenience. However, all materials, including PowerPoints, readings, and worksheets can be found on my website, mrcaseyhistory.com. You can click on your class and skim through the lessons.
I have given you some but not all of the relevant Global Textbook summaries as a simple study resource. You can always find all those summaries on the Summaries page on my website, but I am linking them below in the relevant sections.
Don’t forget to refer to your own class notes as well, and your answers to the online homeworks, which you should be able to find in your email.
You should ABSOLUTELY also check out my Instagram @globalkhan for past review in the story highlights (look for multiple highlight tabs with Unit 5 and 6 in the title) as well as NEW REVIEW STORIES to be posted between now and the test, which give you a chance to ask questions and have responses posted for everyone. These will also be saved in the above-mentioned highlights, so if you miss them, that’s where they’ll be!
Freeman-Pedia as a Quick Review Source!
This website has some really great visuals that summarize concepts from the time period. It’s all on one page so just scroll down it and see what might be helpful! Below is a sample just to give you an idea!
Quick Tips & AP MCQ Practice!
Since review sheets are usually focused on content practice but not skills practice, I wanted to try to balance things out. Below, I listed some of the “tricks” I noticed popping up in some of the IA questions. Keep these in mind as you take the test. These are the kind of things we point out during test corrections. It’s test taking strategy. Below that, you will find the link to some AP-style practice questions to help you get ready. I am not grading them, but I would encourage you to at least give them a shot.
- Opposites! Or near opposites. Think about it. Test-makers usually start out with the right answer, and then have to make up 3 wrong answers. What’s the easiest way to make sure a wrong answer is wrong? Make it the OPPOSITE of the right answer! So if you notice two opposite answers, there’s a good chance one of them is the right answer (no guarantees).
- Two answers both touching on the right idea or theme, but one of them goes too far or is too extreme to the point that it is not correct, so the more moderate answer would be correct.
- Straightforward vs indirect vocabulary is another trick. When you read the question, you might already guess what the answer will be. If you see the word or concept very clearly in an answer, you might pick it without fully reading. Sometimes they use the more obvious word for something in the wrong answer to bait you, hoping you don’t read the rest of the answer that includes something inaccurate. Then the right answer uses a less-obvious synonym or a less direct way of saying the same thing, but without inaccuracies, and that one is the right answer.
PRACTICE AP MCQ QUESTIONS SHOULD BE POSTED BY SUNDAY MORNING!
The Legacy of Justinian
Global Textbook Summaries:
Chapter 9: The Byzantine Empire, Russia, and Eastern Europe (330–1613) Section 1 ONLY
AP World Textbook: Chapter 16
- Define patriarchy.
- Who was the wife of Emperor Justinian? How much of a role did she play in government at the time? Was this common for that time period and culture?
- Why did Justinian work so hard to raise money for the Byzantine Empire? What was it all for?
- What was the main religion of the Byzantine Empire? Give the specific branch.
- Define Caesaropapism, as it relates to the role of the Byzantine Emperor in relation to the religion mentioned above.
Islam and the Muslim World
Chapter 10: Muslim Civilizations (622–1629) Sections 1-3
AP World Textbook: Chapter 14
- Let’s go over the Caliphates in depth, because I know this was shaky for a lot of people. First, what is a caliph (aka khalifah), and what is a caliphate?
- After the death of Muhammad, the first ______ caliphs were all his close companions/disciples. The first major dynasty was the _______________ Caliphate, and they did a lot of expansion, but they had some problems, notably that they gave preference to _______ Muslims over other people from other ethnic groups, like Persian and Byzantine converts to Islam. This (and other criticisms) led to them being overthrown by a new caliphate, the ______________ Caliphate. This caliphate was more accepting of different ethnicities and less focused on conquest, working more to support development within. This led to the height of the Islamic __________ Age! However, during this time, a third caliphate rose up in North Africa called the __________ Caliphate. Unlike the others, they practiced _______ Islam. They began to take more and more territory from the Abbasids, which led the Abbasids to turn to their newly-migrated neighbor, the ________ _________ for help. They did help, and regained the lost territory, but then they took control of the Abbasid Caliphate themselves. In the following centuries, though there was still TECHNICALLY an Abbasid Caliph on the throne, the lands had become divided among various local rulers and invaders. Still, the Islamic ______ Age continued, producing advances in many fields over the next few centuries.
- The Islamic Caliphates expanded their empire over wide regions stretching across Afro-Eurasia. Why would this be beneficial for long-distance trade? HINT: It’s very similar to the Pax Romana!
- Where did Hindu-Arabic numerals originate, and where did they ultimately end up? Which group/individual is responsible for this transfer?
- Ok, this is a weird one, but just go with me. In EPCOT Center, in Disney World, there’s a ride called Spaceship Earth, that tries to summarize all of human history and advancement. You may not be surprised to learn that it focuses heavily on Europe. Here is a quote that makes reference to the Post-Classical era and the contributions of the Muslim World: “But then we hit a roadblock—Rome falls… Much of our learning is destroyed—lost forever… or so we think. It turns out there are copies of some of these books in the libraries of the Middle East, being watched over by Arab and Jewish scholars. Call it the first backup system. The books are saved, and with them our dreams of the future.” So here’s my question to you: Why does this description fall way short of describing the role that scholars in the Islamic Golden Age played in relation to Greek and Roman knowledge. Did they only just save some copies on a shelf somewhere and let them sit there, untouched, adding nothing, just waiting for Europeans to come back to get them one day? Explain what the Islamicate scholars did with these Greek and Roman texts BEYOND just copying and preserving them.
Early Medieval Europe
Crash Course: Dark Ages
Chapter 7: The Rise of Europe (500–1300)
AP World Textbook: Chapter 16
- What happened to the Frankish Empire (aka Carolingian Empire) after the death of Charlemagne? How did this make it easier for the Vikings to conquer in Europe?
- What were the reasons the Vikings began to expand from their homeland in Scandinavia and conquer in Europe? Give more than one reason.
- What was unique about the capabilities of Viking ships?
- The fall of Rome and then the Viking invasions both contributed to the development of the Feudal System in Europe. Under Feudalism, is political power centralized or localized/de-centralized? Explain.
- Why does long-distance trade usually decline during a time of division, instability, and violence?
- The term “Latin Christianity” would refer to which branch of Christianity, Roman Catholic or Eastern Orthodox? How can you tell?
Crusades and High Middle Ages
Prelude to Holy War
The Council of Clermont
First Crusade Through Their Eyes
The Crusades- Examining Perspectives
Wars That Changed The World
Late Medieval Cultural Revival DBQ
Impact of Expanding Trade
King John The Biggest Loser DBQ
Crash Course: Crusades
Chapter 7: The Rise of Europe (500–1300) Section 4 ONLY
Chapter 8: The High and Late Middle Ages (1050–1450)
AP World Textbook: Chapter 19
- What were the main goals of the Crusades?
- To what extent did the FIRST Crusade accomplish these goals? What were the results of the First Crusade?
- How did the perspectives and experiences of the Crusaders change after they actually settled in the Middle East following the First Crusade? (Remember that quote? I highly recommend checking that out…)
West Africa and Trans-Saharan Trade Network
Chapter 11: Kingdoms and Trading States of Africa (730 B.C.–A.D. 1591)
AP World Textbook: Chapter 18
- What type of religious beliefs were common in West Africa BEFORE the introduction of universalizing religions like Islam and Christianity? Make sure to include the “-ism” and what it means!
- Many traditional West African societies were Matrilineal. What does that mean? Do you think this made their societies more or less Patriarchal than most Patrilineal societies?
- Define religious syncretism.
- How did Islam spread from North Africa to West Africa?
- What two trade goods were traded along the Trans-Sahara Trade Network? Which came from which region?
Post-Classical China and its Neighbors
Tang and Song Inventions
Cultural Change in Tang and Song China AND The Response to Buddhism in China DBQ
Degrees of Chinese Cultural Influence Stations
Spread of Buddhism in East Asia
Chapter 12: Spread of Civilization in East and Southeast Asia (500–1650) (NOT Section 2)
AP World Textbook: Chapter 13
- How did the construction of the Grand Canal lead to revival and growth in trade in China?
- Why was the development of paper money important for improving trade in China and elsewhere? What is the advantage over cash in the form of coins?
- In the early Tang dynasty, the Tang government was supportive of Buddhism. What changed? How did they treat Buddhists during the later tang Dynasty?
- What is Champa rice? Where did it originally come from? What benefits did it have for China once it spread there?
- What three regions/countries were heavily influenced by Chinese culture during the Tang Dynasty? What belief systems spread from China to these places?
World of the Indian Ocean Basin
Crash Course: Indian Ocean Trade
Chapter 11: Kingdoms and Trading States of Africa (730 B.C.–A.D. 1591) (Section 3)
Chapter 12: Spread of Civilization in East and Southeast Asia (500–1650) (Section 5)
AP World Textbook: Chapter 15
- How did monsoon winds, and knowledge of how they worked, greatly improve and expand trade throughout the Indian Ocean Basin?
- What is a lateen sail? Why was the development of this kind of sail important to the Indian Ocean Trade Network? What did
- What is an astrolabe? Why is it important to navigation (among many other uses)?
- Why was the Indian Ocean Trade Network able to trade heavier bulk goods, whereas this was not really possible on earlier trade routes like the Silk Road?
- How did the Swahili language develop in East Africa? What two types of languages blended to make it?
- Define diaspora.
- Define diaspora merchant communities.
- What two religions spread to the Khmer Empire in Southeast Asia? Where did they spread there FROM? What is Angkor Wat?