Argumentation

Toulmin Method of Argumentation

The below videos explain the Toulmin Method of Argumentation, which is an extremely useful framework for developing arguments. While you might not always be required to follow ALL of these steps when creating arguments in your debates or in your essays, it is a very good idea to TRY to incorporate all of them into your arguments. NOTE: In class, we often use the term “justification” where Toulmin uses “warrant”, but they mean basically the same thing.

 

Aristotelian Modes of Persuasion

As we have studied in class, Aristotle presented three modes, or approaches, to persuading or convincing someone of your argument. While logic is the foundation of your argument, ethos and pathos help you to present your argument in a way that is more palatable to other people, who, let’s face it, are not always the most purely logical creatures.


 

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IG: @globalkhan

It’s a... GIRAFFE! 🦒 The famous Muslim Chinese mariner #ZhengHe presented Emperor #Yongle and the #Chinese court with a #giraffe after arriving from an expedition to Bengala (now #Bangladesh) in 1412. Instantly awestruck by the strange and graceful animal, the emperor sparked a trend of painting giraffes among the #Ming. Each giraffe painting is marked with "The Eulogy of the #Qilin (Chinese unicorn), an Auspicious Omen." See more awesome Asian Art like this at @asianartmuseum <— Follow!
Caption contest. Go!
How I talk to people who don’t take Coronavirus seriously. #IKnowWhatHuntsYou #LOTR If you’re stuck inside with nothing to do, I highly recommend watching these movies, or even better, read the books. I think the books especially really give you a sense of the long, drawn out, increasingly difficult journey, as well as the need for fellowship during dark times.
“SOCIAL DISTANCING!” —Donald Trump ... John Oliver explains what this tweet by the President (yes, that was the whole tweet) means and why it’s so important on @lastweektonight. #socialdistancing #flattenthecurve #covid_19 #covid19 #coronavirus
I hope to see you all in the Spring. I am very relieved to hear this news, but let’s remember why this is happening. This is not a vacation. Be safe y’all. I haven’t heard any details yet so don’t ask me anything beyond this for now. If I hear anything useful I’ll let you guys know. Not sure what kind of remote learning system they may try, but I’ll keep you in the loop. You guys are already ahead by being connected with me on here. You know I’m ready to get creative to keep you educated and historically minded. I’ll try my best to post on here regularly as well to share history for those who are motivated to continue learning. Let’s hope we are able to open safely again in April. We don’t know. It could be longer. Remember, the goal is to #FlattenTheCurve. Also remember that this move will carry with it a lot of difficulty. Remember to regularly check in on your family, friends, neighbors, and classmates (virtually of course). We are in this together. We need to support each other during this difficult time. Stay safe. Love you guys.
Roman Empire (Red) vs Mongol Empire (Blue): Size Comparison
It’s a different time right now. #CoVid19 #Coronavirus
#AngkorWat #KhmerEmpire #SoutheastAsia #Hinduism #Water #HydraulicEnpire
🕋 An incredible image. Swipe to see how it looks most of the time... CORONAVIRUS fears have sparked the closure of #Kaaba, as Saudi officials closed the doors of Islam's holy site for a deep clean. . . From Express.co.uk: “The building in the centre of the Great Mosque of Mecca has been shut down and is completely empty of worshippers as Saudi Arabia works to prevent the spread of the deadly COVD-19 virus. Dr Yasir Qadhi, Islamic scholar, posted on Twitter: “Subhan Allah, the Ka'ba is empty, the tawaf has stopped as the authorities clean the Ḥaram because of the coronavirus scare. May Allah protect all of us!”” . . Honestly, I’m glad that they are taking these precautions. I wonder what will happen during Hajj season, if the virus is still a major threat by then. Will the entire pilgrimage of millions of people (who probably already dropped thousands of bucks to book their trips) be canceled? During the time of the Black Death in the 13th century, the Hajj pilgrimage, with Muslims coming from all over the world to Makkah (Mecca), May have contributed to the spread of the disease to new lands. Of course, long-distance trade and business was ongoing at that time. Today, it is of course so much more the case. The more interconnected we are, the more interdependent we are, the more vulnerable we are to destabilizing forces like epidemic diseases. These are the challenges we must face in our globalized world.
Globally, democracy is in decline. Only 22 countries were classified as full democracies. Our country was not one of them.

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