Argumentation

Toulmin Method of Argumentation

The below videos explain the Toulmin Method of Argumentation, which is an extremely useful framework for developing arguments. While you might not always be required to follow ALL of these steps when creating arguments in your debates or in your essays, it is a very good idea to TRY to incorporate all of them into your arguments. NOTE: In class, we often use the term “justification” where Toulmin uses “warrant”, but they mean basically the same thing.

 

Aristotelian Modes of Persuasion

As we have studied in class, Aristotle presented three modes, or approaches, to persuading or convincing someone of your argument. While logic is the foundation of your argument, ethos and pathos help you to present your argument in a way that is more palatable to other people, who, let’s face it, are not always the most purely logical creatures.


 

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Classic sketch. I tried to post the video earlier but it got blocked for copyright, so you’ll have to watch it on YouTube. Just search “Executive Order SNL”. Which of the traits we discussed in class might apply? #MakesOrBreaksLaws #CircumventsAssemblies 🏛 #AppliedHistory #EqualTime #HistoricalConnections #Augustus #JamesIofEngland
What do you think? 🤔 Does that sound like one of the traits from our lesson? Perhaps an appeal to #CulturalUniformity? If you don’t align to to a certain standard, “maybe you shouldn’t be in the country.” 🇺🇸 #AppliedHistory #HistoryConnections #ShiHuangdi #LouisXIV #PeterTheGreat
The Trump administration recently announced a new, get-tough policy that will separate parents from their children if the family is caught crossing the border illegally. It was a big news story. So big it overshadowed the fact that the federal government has lost — yes, lost — 1,475 migrant children in its custody. Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen told Congress that within 48 hours of being taken into custody the children are transferred to the Department of Health and Human Services, which finds places for them to stay. “They will be separated from their parent,” said Sen. Kamala Harris, D-Calif. “Just like we do in the United States every day,” Nielsen replied. Just like in the states, only ... not. Except that the states, unlike the federal government, have systems in place to better screen the people who become guardians of the children and much better ways to keep track of those children. And not lose them. That is what happened to 1,475 minors swept up at the border and taken into custody by the federal government. Gone. SOURCE: EJ Montini, USA Today Read more at usatoday.com #WhereAreTheMigrantChildren
Real life #Chinampas! They still exist in #MexicoCity, which was once known as #Tenochtitlán. #Mexica #Aztec #Agriculture #FloatingGardens #NewWorldVenice
My students are my favorite! #ThankATeacherNYC #TeacherAppreciationWeek
#MartinLuther posting the #95Theses and the immediate aftermath. 📜⛪ Featuring the preacher of indulgences #JohannTetzel and the #PrintingPress.
Bryan Stevenson on #WhiteSupremacy as the true evil of American #slavery. This should sound very familiar to all of my students, as we have been hitting this point repeatedly.

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