Argumentation

Toulmin Method of Argumentation

The below videos explain the Toulmin Method of Argumentation, which is an extremely useful framework for developing arguments. While you might not always be required to follow ALL of these steps when creating arguments in your debates or in your essays, it is a very good idea to TRY to incorporate all of them into your arguments. NOTE: In class, we often use the term “justification” where Toulmin uses “warrant”, but they mean basically the same thing.

 

Aristotelian Modes of Persuasion

As we have studied in class, Aristotle presented three modes, or approaches, to persuading or convincing someone of your argument. While logic is the foundation of your argument, ethos and pathos help you to present your argument in a way that is more palatable to other people, who, let’s face it, are not always the most purely logical creatures.


 

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#ReturnOfTheKing In honor of the end of my leave, I wanted to share this beautifully done medieval style artwork depicting King Elessar Telcontar, Elfstone Strider, Aragorn son of Arathorn, the King of Arnor and Gondor, Heir of Isildur son of Elendil of the Faithful of Westernesse. “The hands of the King are the hands of a healer.” 🍃 (Artwork by Jay Johnstone)
Second and third sons of noblemen can sure be trouble, eh? 🏰 Great clip from a Spanish show called El Ministerio del Tiempo (The Ministry of Time) that highlights the way that the inheritance system among nobles in Medieval Europe left most land and wealth to first and maybe second sons of the landowning elites, leaving any younger sons to either join the clergy, join a monastery, or become knights, who were often just armed thugs, either in service of some lord or simply in service of themselves. Remember, weapons cost money, so the wealthy had an advantage in power over the common folk. Tales of chivalry were often more aimed at encouraging good and valiant behavior rather than reflecting actual common practice. #Chivalry #Nobility #TimeTravel #Subtitles (btw the show is on Netflix if you’re interested!)
Brief biography of #Zarathustra aka #Zoroaster, prophet whose teachings form the basis of the the ancient religion of #Zoroastrianism, also known as #Mazdayasna. Last image is a representation of the God of Zoroastrianism, #AhuraMazda.
#DidYouKnow that the first Jack O’ Lanterns were carved not from pumpkins but from turnips?! The practice originated in #Ireland as part of the pagan holiday #Samhain. This one dates back to 1903! 🎃 #HalloweenHistory . . . For more like this, follow @irish_archaeology
Does this scare you? It should. 🔥🌎🔥 #Halloween #ClimateChange #IndustrialRevolution #HeatingUp #AnyQuestions? 💀🎃💀
A picture is worth a thousand words. #ContinuityAndChangeOverTime #CCOT “Liberty Leading The People” painting by Eugène Delacroix 1830 & “13th attempt to break the Gaza blockade by sea” photo by Mustafa Hassouna 2018 #France 🇫🇷 #Palestine 🇵🇸

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